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There are 20,000 different species of bees, but only few of them produce beeswax which can be used for producing wax candles. Today we are talking about 7 species of bees genetically isolated from each other.
In Europe we talk about 4 domestic bee populations:

  1. Dark European bee (Apis mellifera mellifera) from the North of Europe, from the Pyrenees to the Ural Mountains. In Germany this is the native, but extinct “brown German bee” nowadays.
  2. Carnica (Apis mellifera carnica) from the south-eastern Alps and from the Danube area.
  3. Ligusta (Apis mellifera Ligusta) from northern Italy populates almost the complete Ligurian Peninsula
  4. Caucasika (Apis mellifera caucasica) from the mountains in Caucasia.
Thus, there is beeswax which differs in colour, scent and quality. But the major distinction arises from extracting and cleaning the raw material.
Until the beginning of the 19th century it was common to use the term wax for beeswax.
When a honey bee is aged from 12 to18 days and 20 hours after food intake the wax – shaped like fine sheds - is isolated from the 8 wax-producing glands which are located on its abdomen. These sheds are extremely fine, around 0.5 mm thick and weigh 0.0008 grams. It takes 1,250,000 fine sheds for one kilo of wax. Producing half a kilo of wax requires the same amount of energy as 11 kg of honey.

Due to its easy shaping, adhesive and cohesive force, stability in shape and sealing effect, the wax offered various possibilities of use in art and culture as corrosion protection, medicine, cosmetics, coat of writing boards, encaustic painting etc. for the ancient peoples.
After inventing useful wicks the candle turned out to be the main purpose for this precious material.

We do not know anything about synthetic forms of plagiarism accepted by bees.

We exclusively work with high-quality beeswax and use no additives other than colours.

We produce candles coloured in blue-light red-purple from bleached beeswax in pharmaceutical quality, candles in other colours from high-quality beekeepers’ wax. We buy our colours at the company Anton Schimek in Vienna. They are without any bodily harm to consumers. Yellow is produced - without any addition of colour - from beeswax extracted from beautiful blossoms.

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